May 05, 2022 Uncategorized

Types of Comedy Classic Greek and Elizabethan Tragedy

Description

Read one of your classmates’ original posts on a DIFFERENT PROMPT than your selection. Then compose a response post (at least 100 words) that does at least TWO of the following (cite your sources if referenced):

  • Extends or adds to his/her point(s)
  • Asks a clarifying question
  • Disagrees (with reasoning and evidence) with the author’s analysis
  • Adds to the understanding of the analysis
  • Offers constructive suggestions for improvement

myrespond Compare and Contrast Classic Greek and Elizabethan Tragedy

Aristotle connotes in his book ‘Poetics’ that tragedy has an advantage over other literary works. This is because it enables the viewer to be emotional or empathetic. Classic Greek and Elizabethan tragedy are two different forms of tragedy. The most notable difference between these two embodies the aspect of theatre. An octagonal building was utilized in Elizabethan tragedy, which allowed spectators to stand or sit near the stage so they could view actors. On the other hand, in classic Greek tragedy, amphitheaters were utilized where spectators sat on benches. The actors used masks to guarantee that the audience would hear their speeches. Moreover, the stage used in Greek tragedy was huge compared to Elizabethan theatre, which occurred on more miniature stages, particularly courtyards and the Globe. Mainly, the Globe is the most renowned theatre in the Elizabethan tragedy period (Javed, 2020). Globe’s roof was partially opened, and the play would be performed during the day. The Globe structure had minimum traps, trapdoors, and long balconies and lacked scenery that enabled playwrights and actors to move and change scenes swiftly.

Another difference between the two tragedies lies in the purpose of tragedies. Classic Greek tragedy was performed once a year for religious reasons. The Elizabethan tragedy was performed at any time with no religious reason as their primary objective was to gain profit and entertain. Furthermore, classic Greek and Elizabethan tragedy are differentiated by the aspect of myth. Greek tragedy was mythical, and the chorus sang meant to praise the gods, while Elizabethan tragedy was not entirely based on myth (Qamar, 2019). Humans in Greek tragedy could not escape their destiny. Therefore, the struggle and helplessness of people formed the primary purpose of the Greek tragedy. One excellent illustration involves Oedipus, a character in Sophocles who goes against the gods and suffers heavily for the act. Other characters such as Aeschylus and Antigone also suffer the same destiny.

Concerning the structure of tragedy, Classic Greek utilized a chorus to showcase religious, social, and moral outlooks, while Elizabethan tragedies lacked a chorus as the actions created the play. The chorus in Greek tragedy differentiated the actor’s action, while comic relief created the difference in Elizabethan tragedies (Qamar, 2019). Greek tragedy had a simple structure where a prologue was delivered by either one or more actors; then, a chorus was presented and involved both dancing and singing. On the other Elizabethan tragedy structure followed the Freytag pyramid, which involves five parts: Denouement, Falling Action, Climax, Rising Action, and Exposition.

A commonality between Classic Greek and Elizabethan tragedy is that both share the same goal of portraying the agonizing sides of life, which are portrayed as unsolvable conflict. Personal and social struggles surround the conflict between a person, fate, and society. Both of these tragedies were used to educate society about different aspects of life.

References

Javed, M. (2020). A Study of Elizabethan Period (1558-1603). International Journal Online of Humanities, 6(2), 60-80. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Muhammad-Javed-50/publication/340916831_A_Study_of_Elizabethan_Period_1558-1603/links/5ea3e19fa6fdccd794517abc/A-Study-of-Elizabethan-Period-1558-1603.pdf

Qamar, F. (2019). A Short Analysis of Greek Tragedy and its Causes. https://d1wqtxts1xzle7.cloudfront.net/61301732/SARJHSS_13_312-31420191122-79957-18k55xv-with-cover-page-v2.pdf?Expires=1649485589&Signature=ES4HTavxbN3iDdfsoI3m8hDBkLIejRBAXXDAUoz9J3qEaq5IQCJQdimLuiZcbC2iHom8iXQdv9OSyJ78Q675HKWDbtfE3MbbanMe03K3WWEpEruWmmou0ordOca6MiP9VXtKTuW~XDs4ZaCC6V~–5wIt69eYjVmI8Jtds00BfHBJeb72YoUNAtNj3X4r7V8oLaZ6qhlEbxdTpQpB8QXVmGaA85wQVMsg8N7aqrYugCORk02Jp9q12fbQf6O2cUG4c80YLREBefd0~-XnaIDjN0SEweMn2-FeBZXxdMyW7HQnWBs-85biZG-cjrA2z73n0lTZQKY271fYPlT6jrVBA__&Key-Pair-Id=APKAJLOHF5GGSLRBV4ZA

classmate respond: I have selected 7.2 to compare the differences between various forms of comedy, including satire, comedy of character, farce, and parody to write about. After much research on the topic, I have concluded that there are many differences among them.

Satire is a genre of comedy that ridicules such things as war, political corruption, and religious hypocrisy (Revel – Pearson). Satire comedy relies on humor and is used to bring social change. For example, when the actions become humorous, there seems to be an urge to make changes and bring out the problem to make people aware of the untrusted behaviors. Like in the story Huckleberry Finn, Mark Twain uses satire to mock many aspects of the modern world. He used the concept of slavery to show the inhumane treatment of the slaves of that time (Satirical Comedy). Satire comedy tends to be less wildly exaggerated than parody comedy.

Parody comedy is an extremely funny imitation of a person that deserves ridicule, according to parodist, usually masks serious criticism (Revel – Pearson). Parody comedy tends to make fun of anything from films to songs to paintings for a person in the spotlight such as celebrities. It can be said that Parody originated with the ancients in Greece and was a song or poem that imitated the style and flow of another person (Examples of Parody). Parody tends to be temporary interest on a subject matter unless the matter continues to be relevant. As long as the audience stays engaged, the story will continue. Unlike Parody, farce is a genre of comedy that draws laughter from outrageous physical actions and hectic situations (Revel-Pearson).

Farce comedy is a subcategory of comedy and different from other forms as it only aims at making the audience laugh. Farce comedy is usually geared around miscommunication, deception, mistaken identity, and violent horseplay. The basic purpose of farce is evoke laughter from the audience by using different personalities. The play “She Stoops to Conquer, is a good example of Farce comedy as it contains multiple misunderstandings (Farce). Just like satire comedy, farce also mocks the human society.

Like Farce, Comedy of characters focal point is on characterization rather than plot of lines but more so on comically exaggerated characters. It expresses human character in the ordinary circumstances of life everyday and tragedy. For example, The Clouds by Aristophanes, In it the character of Socrates is made ridiculous by acting very unlike the true Socrates that is, by appearing childish and absurd rather than with the gravity of the true Socrates (Comedy of Character). In comedy of character, the comical factor focuses on a persons faults or inability to perform in such ways and makes them dramatic. By dramatizing the events, it forms a funny yet comical version of what the person is actually going through.

All in all, after comparing the differences between various forms of comedy, including satire, comedy of character, farce, and parody is hard. They are share very similar traits such as finding faults and real life experiences to turn into comedy.

Citations:

Pearson Revelhttps://revelise.pearson.com/courses/61aa79adfb0b825767126509/pages/urn:pearson:entity:bd398031-b722-43d6-9cd2-2287f6e2171c?source=dashboard

“Satirical Comedy Meaning and Examples • English Summary.” English Summary, 7 Dec. 2017, https://englishsummary.com/satirical-comedy-meaning/#:~:text=Satirical%20comedy%20is%20the%20form,expose%20and%20condemn%20their%20corruption

Betts, Jennifer. “Examples of Parody: Funny Famous Imitations.” Exampleshttps://examples.yourdictionary.com/examples-of-parody.html

“Farce – Examples and Definition of Farce.” Literary Devices, 15 Oct. 2017, https://literarydevices.net/farce/

“Comedy and Character.” Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., https://www.britannica.com/art/comedy/Comedy-and-character

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